Pendekatan Sistem dan Pemecahan Masalah Pendidikan

  • Amiruddin Amiruddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Era Yunita Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan
  • Maulina Sari Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan
  • Siti Masdelina Siregar Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan
  • Tengku Lailan Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan
Kata kunci: system approach, developing schools


Developing effective school management needs to pay attention are two basic components namely inputs and processes. Component inputs need to be considered to comply with minimum service standards (SPM) or the national standard (NS) at each school level (elementary, junior high school and vocational school). SPM/SN at every level of the school include: currulum, teacher/staff, students, facilities, financial, organizational, and environmental support (government, society, and parents). Although SPM was the main concern, does not mean that good schools are exclusive, in which only certain groups of students (intelligent or able to be economically) are accepted. Nor does it mean that schools should have a versatile facility and infrastructure to realize the luxury of a good school.


Download data is not yet available.


Albrecht, Karl. Successful Management by Objectives. Philippine Graphic Arts Inc., Metro Manila, 1978. Banathy, Bela H. Instructional Systems. Fearon Pu blishers, California, 1968.
Beeson, Geoffrey W. (Edit). Research Methods In Education. Rusden State College, Melbourne, 1981.
Briggs, Leslie J. Instructional Design. Educational Tech nology Publication, New Jersey, 1977.
Carrol, Phillips. Profit Control. McGraw-Hill Co., New York, 1962.
Churchman, West C. The Systems Approach. Dell Publi shing Co., Inc., New York, 1968.
Clelan, David I., William R. King. Systems Analysis and Project Management. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1975.
Dan Voich Jr. and Danile A. Wren. Principles of Mana gement-Resources and Systems. Ronald Press, New York, 1969.
Dresdner David M., John A. Spiech, Gerald M. Uslan. A Programmed Instruction to PERT. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1963.
Franco, Ernesto A. et all. Project Management for Edu cational Systems. National Book Store, Metro Manila, 1978.
Gafur, Abd. Disain Instruksional. Tiga Serangkai, Solo, 1980. Havelock, Ronald G. Planning for Innovation. Institute for Social Research, Michigan, 1976.
Bentuk Sitasi
Amiruddin, Amiruddin, Era Yunita, Maulina Sari, Siti Siregar, and Tengku Lailan. MODELING: Jurnal Program Studi PGMI 10, no. 3 (September 25, 2023): 65-76. Accessed April 12, 2024.

Most read articles by the same author(s)